Accelerating EV Industry: ₹15+ Crore Subsidy in 2 Years, Experts Emphasize Infrastructure & Services for Growth

Electric Vehicles (EVs) have emerged as a pressing necessity in our current era, characterized by escalating concerns over global warming and environmental sustainability. In this context, the popularity of EVs is steadily surging across the nation, including the city of Vadodara. Vadodara is witnessing a substantial uptick in the sales of electric vehicles. In light of these developments, the team conducted an investigation to glean insights from dealers and experts regarding the processes of electric vehicle registration, application, and the subsidies extended to consumers.

The Government’s Substantial Investment in Electric Vehicle Subsidies

In a move to promote the adoption of electric vehicles (EVs) and combat the challenges of global warming, the Gujarat government initiated an EV subsidy program on July 1, 2021. While the initial growth of EV sales was relatively modest, it has shown remarkable progress in a relatively short span of time. Over the course of just two years, Vadodara has witnessed the registration of more than 10,000 electric vehicles at the Regional Transport Office (RTO), with an impressive 6,760 of these vehicles receiving government subsidies. This subsidy program has resulted in the disbursement of over 15.66 crore rupees by the government.

Rapid Growth and Increasing Demand:

The upward trajectory in the number of registered electric vehicles in Vadodara reflects the growing enthusiasm among consumers for eco-friendly transportation options. As the public becomes more aware of environmental concerns and the benefits of EV ownership, the demand for electric vehicles has surged.

Government Subsidy as a Driving Force:

The government’s subsidy program has played a pivotal role in driving this heightened demand. By reducing the upfront costs of purchasing an electric vehicle, these subsidies have made EVs more accessible and appealing to a broader segment of the population. The substantial investment of over 15.66 crore rupees in these subsidies underscores the government’s commitment to fostering sustainable transportation options.

Uday A. Karelia, who serves as a Motor Vehicle Inspector at the Vadodara Regional Transport Office (RTO), shared insights into the current trend of electric vehicle (EV) purchases. He expressed his optimism regarding the growing interest in EVs among consumers, noting that the trend is indeed positive. According to Karelia, this surge in EV adoption has encouraged people to make the switch to electric vehicles, which, in turn, holds significant promise for the environment and pollution reduction.

Vadodara RTO

An Impressive Surge in Electric Vehicle Registrations at RTO

Since the initiation of the electric vehicle (EV) subsidy program on July 1, 2021, Vadodara has witnessed a remarkable uptick in the registration of EVs at the Regional Transport Office (RTO). To date, more than 10,000 electric vehicles have been purchased and registered, indicating a substantial shift towards eco-friendly transportation options in the region.

Government Subsidy Applications and Approvals:

Of these 10,000 registered vehicles, a significant number, specifically 8,382, have been submitted for subsidy applications to the Gujarat government. Impressively, the government has approved 6,760 of these applications, signifying a substantial incentive for EV buyers. Furthermore, 782 applications have been returned due to minor errors, allowing applicants the opportunity to make necessary amendments and resubmit their requests for subsidy.

Significant Government Investment in Subsidies:

The commitment of the government to promoting electric vehicles is evident in its substantial financial investment. A total of Rs 15.66 crore has been disbursed by the government as subsidies to eligible applicants. These subsidies play a pivotal role in encouraging consumers to opt for electric vehicles, given the reduction in the initial purchase cost.

Subsidy Eligibility and Criteria:

Eligibility for subsidies on electric vehicles (EVs) in Vadodara is subject to specific criteria and guidelines. The following points outline the key eligibility criteria for subsidy recipients:

  1. Vehicle Type: Subsidies are not restricted to two-wheelers alone. They are also applicable to three-wheelers and four-wheelers, encompassing a wide range of EV options to encourage adoption across different vehicle categories.
  2. Price Limit for Two-Wheelers: Subsidies for two-wheelers are typically granted when the vehicle’s purchase price falls below 1.50 lakh rupees. This price threshold ensures that subsidies are primarily targeted towards more affordable electric two-wheelers.
  3. Price Limit for Four-Wheelers: Similarly, subsidies for four-wheelers are extended to vehicles with a purchase price less than 15 lakh rupees. This criterion allows for a broader range of electric cars to be eligible for subsidies, making them more accessible to consumers.
  4. Price Limit for Three-Wheelers: Three-wheeler rickshaws qualify for subsidies if their purchase price is under 5 lakhs rupees. This provision is designed to incentivize the adoption of electric three-wheelers, particularly in the public transportation sector.
  5. Manufacturer Eligibility: Subsidies are generally available for EVs produced by companies registered under the purview of both the State and Central Governments. This requirement ensures that the vehicles meet necessary safety and quality standards.
  6. Exclusivity: It is important to note that if an applicant has already benefited from any other government policy or subsidy, they may not be eligible for additional subsidies under this scheme. This provision prevents duplication of benefits and ensures that subsidies are directed towards a wider pool of potential EV buyers.
EV Charger

Public Decision-Making Considerations in the Face of Emerging EV Infrastructure

In Vadodara city, significant strides have been made in the deployment of electric vehicle (EV) charging infrastructure, with 7 to 8 major charging stations now available to the public. While charging at home remains a viable option for many, the pressing need for comprehensive infrastructure support in the form of battery swapping stations and widespread EV chargers, akin to the ubiquitous petrol pumps, has come to the forefront. This necessitates a collaborative effort involving the government and other stakeholders, as individuals make informed decisions based on a multitude of factors, including but not limited to usage patterns, capacity concerns, and access to financing.

Adopting a Consumption-Based Approach to Vehicle Purchases: Driving the Make in India Campaign Forward

As India endeavors to propel the “Make in India” campaign, there is a growing realization that vehicles, particularly electric vehicles (EVs), should be acquired based on consumption needs rather than impulsive decisions. This shift in perspective not only aligns with the broader goal of bolstering domestic manufacturing but also underscores the evolving mindset of the Indian populace towards sustainable and responsible consumption.

Nikhil Chawla, a prominent vehicle dealer and the director of Century Bike, has underscored the significance of electric vehicles (EVs) in shaping the future of the automotive industry. Mr. Chawla acknowledges that while EV technology carries a premium price tag, it is outweighed by the potential long-term benefits, making it a compelling choice for the future. He emphasizes that as technology evolves, it becomes more cost-effective, rendering EVs increasingly accessible to the masses.

Two Types of Electric Vehicles

Distinguishing Between Two Types of Electric Vehicles: Hub Motor vs. Permanent Magnet Motor

In the realm of electric vehicles (EVs), two distinct propulsion systems have emerged, each with its own set of advantages and considerations: the hub motor and the permanent magnet motor. It’s crucial for consumers to understand these differences when making an informed decision about their EV purchase.

Hub Motor EVs:

Hub motor EVs are often characterized by their affordability, primarily due to the simplicity of their design. These vehicles utilize a DC (direct current) motor that is directly integrated into the wheels, providing a cost-effective solution. This configuration eliminates the need for complex transmission systems, making hub motor EVs more budget-friendly.

However, it’s important to note that hub motor EVs can be susceptible to certain drawbacks:

  1. Vulnerability to Damage: The direct integration of the motor into the wheel makes hub motor EVs more susceptible to damage in case of rough road conditions or encounters with potholes. Damage to the wheel can also result in damage to the hub motor.
  2. Shorter Lifespan: Hub motors may have a shorter lifespan compared to other propulsion systems when subjected to harsh driving conditions or inadequate power management.
  3. Insurance Considerations: In some cases, damage to hub motor EVs caused by road conditions may not be covered by insurance, leading to potential out-of-pocket expenses.

Permanent Magnet Motor EVs:

On the other hand, EVs equipped with permanent magnet motors often incorporate an AC (alternating current) converter. These vehicles are designed with durability and longevity in mind. Key benefits of permanent magnet motor EVs include:

  1. Enhanced Longevity: Permanent magnet motors typically have a longer lifespan compared to hub motors. They are built to withstand a wider range of driving conditions and power variations.
  2. Better Performance: Permanent magnet motors generally offer better performance in terms of power delivery and efficiency, providing a smoother and more responsive driving experience.
  3. Reduced Vulnerability: These EVs are less susceptible to damage caused by road conditions or potholes, as the motor is not directly integrated into the wheel.

Understanding the Process of Receiving Subsidies for Electric Vehicles

The promotion of electric vehicles (EVs) through government subsidies has been a significant driver for their adoption in many countries, including India. Here’s an overview of how the subsidy process typically works:

1. Eligibility Criteria:

To be eligible for subsidies, EV buyers must meet certain criteria set by the government. These criteria may include factors such as the type and capacity of the vehicle, the battery size, and other specifications. In your example, you mentioned that a subsidy of 10 thousand rupees per kilowatt of vehicle capacity is available.

2. Vehicle Selection:

Consumers need to choose an eligible EV that meets the criteria specified by the government for receiving subsidies. The vehicle should fall within the defined subsidy limits, such as the maximum of 2 kilowatts for bikes and a maximum of 15 kilowatts for cars, as per your example.

3. Purchase and Registration:

Once a suitable EV is selected, the consumer purchases the vehicle and completes the necessary registration process as per the local transport authority’s requirements. This includes obtaining the vehicle’s registration certificate (RC) and adhering to any other formalities mandated by the government.

4. Documentation:

To avail of the subsidy, buyers will typically need to submit relevant documents and paperwork to the designated government authorities. These documents may include proof of purchase, vehicle specifications, and other information required for subsidy verification.

5. Subsidy Application:

Buyers or dealers, on behalf of the buyers, can apply for the subsidy through the designated portal or authorities. The application process may involve filling out forms, providing proof of eligibility, and attaching the necessary documents.

6. Subsidy Approval:

Once the application is submitted, government officials or agencies review the documentation and verify the eligibility of the applicant and the vehicle. If everything is in order and the vehicle meets the subsidy criteria, the subsidy application is approved.

7. Subsidy Disbursement:

After approval, the subsidy amount is disbursed to the eligible applicant. The disbursement method may vary but is often done through direct bank transfers to the buyer’s account. In some cases, the subsidy amount may be provided as a reduction in the vehicle’s purchase price at the time of sale.

8. Reporting and Compliance:

EV buyers who receive subsidies are typically required to adhere to certain compliance measures, such as maintaining the vehicle for a specified duration and adhering to usage guidelines outlined by the government.

Understanding Registration Rules for Electric Vehicles (EVs) in Compliance with CMVR

In India, the registration of motor vehicles is governed by the Central Motor Vehicles Rules (CMVR). When it comes to electric vehicles (EVs), there are specific rules and criteria to consider, as you’ve mentioned:

1. Motor Capacity Threshold:

As per CMVR (2)(u) of the Central Motor Vehicle Rules, any electric vehicle with a motor capacity of 2500 watts or more is eligible for registration. This criterion is used to distinguish between low-powered electric vehicles like e-bicycles and more substantial EVs like e-scooters, e-mopeds, and e-cars.

2. Weight Limit for Exemption:

Additionally, CMVR specifies that any vehicle, including electric ones, weighing less than 7.5 tonnes is exempt from the requirement of registration. This weight limit ensures that smaller and lighter EVs like e-bikes and e-scooters, which are often used for personal commuting and short-distance travel, are not subject to the full registration process.

It’s important to note that while some electric vehicles, such as e-bicycles, may not require formal registration under CMVR due to their lower power and weight, this does not absolve them from adhering to other road safety and traffic regulations. These vehicles must still comply with traffic rules, including helmet and safety gear requirements, and should be operated responsibly on the road.

For electric vehicles that meet the criteria for registration, the standard vehicle registration process applies. This typically includes providing necessary documentation, such as proof of ownership, address verification, and vehicle specifications, to the local transport authorities. The authorities will then issue a registration certificate (RC) and assign a unique registration number to the vehicle.

Akash Shrivastav

My name is Akash Shrivastav, and I am a Blogger. I have 8 years of experience in blogging for Finance, Business, Investment, Stock Market, Cryptocurreny and more. Through my writing, I aim to provide readers with insightful and informative content.