Hair CareHealth

Ayurveda and the Contribution of Herbal Plants to Hair Care

What is Ayurveda and How Does It Contribute to Hair Care?

Ayurveda is an ancient holistic system of medicine originating in India. It focuses on achieving balance and harmony in the body, mind, and spirit to promote overall well-being. Ayurveda recognizes that external beauty, including hair health, is a reflection of inner vitality and balance.

In Ayurveda, hair care is approached holistically, considering various factors such as individual constitution (dosha), lifestyle, diet, and mental well-being. According to Ayurveda, there are three primary doshas: Vata, Pitta, and Kapha. Each dosha governs different aspects of our physical and mental characteristics, including hair health.

Ayurveda recognizes that imbalances in the doshas can contribute to hair problems such as hair loss, dandruff, premature graying, and dryness. Therefore, Ayurvedic hair care aims to restore balance to the doshas, nourish the scalp, strengthen the hair follicles, and promote healthy hair growth.

Ayurvedic principles for hair care involve using natural ingredients, including herbs and oils, to address specific hair concerns. These herbs are carefully selected based on their properties and the dosha imbalances they help correct.

Additionally, Ayurveda emphasizes the importance of a wholesome diet, proper digestion, and stress management for healthy hair. Nutrient-rich foods, such as fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and healthy fats, are considered vital for nourishing the hair from within.

Ayurvedic hair care practices often include scalp massages using herbal oils to stimulate blood circulation and nourish the hair roots. Regular oiling of the hair and scalp is believed to provide moisture, prevent dryness, and improve hair strength and luster.

Furthermore, Ayurveda encourages gentle hair cleansing with natural ingredients such as herbal powders (like Shikakai or Reetha) to maintain the natural pH balance of the scalp and avoid harsh chemical-based shampoos.

Overall, Ayurveda recognizes that hair health is interconnected with overall well-being. By promoting balance and nourishment from within, Ayurvedic practices contribute to healthier, lustrous hair and a harmonious state of being.

Which Ayurvedic Plants Are Known for Promoting Hair Health?

  1. Amla (Indian Gooseberry) 
  2. Bhringraj (False Daisy) 
  3. Brahmi (Gotu Kola)
  4. Neem (Indian Lilac)
  5. Methi (Fenugreek)
  6. Hibiscus
  7. Jatamansi (Spikenard)
  8. Reetha (Soapnut)
  9. Shikakai
  10. Aloe Vera

How Does Amla (Indian Gooseberry) Benefit Hair?

  1. Strengthens Hair Follicles: Amla is rich in vitamin C, which plays a crucial role in collagen synthesis. Collagen is a protein that strengthens the hair follicles, promoting healthy hair growth and reducing hair breakage. Stronger hair follicles result in thicker, more resilient hair.
  2. Promotes Hair Growth: Amla stimulates hair growth by nourishing the scalp and improving blood circulation. It delivers vital nutrients to the hair follicles, encouraging the growth of new, healthy hair strands. Regular use of Amla can help combat hair thinning and promote a fuller head of hair.
  3. Prevents Premature Graying: Amla is renowned for its natural pigmentation properties. It contains antioxidants that help fight oxidative stress and protect the hair from premature graying. Regular application of Amla can help maintain the natural color of the hair, delaying the onset of graying.
  4. Nourishes the Scalp: The antioxidants present in Amla provide a nourishing boost to the scalp. They help combat free radicals, reduce inflammation, and promote a healthy scalp environment. Amla’s nourishing properties contribute to stronger hair roots and a healthier scalp overall.
  5. Reduces Dandruff: Amla possesses antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties that make it effective in addressing dandruff concerns. It helps soothe an itchy scalp, reduce flakiness, and alleviate scalp irritation. A healthier scalp translates to healthier hair growth.
  6. Conditions the Hair: Amla acts as a natural conditioner, adding softness and smoothness to the hair strands. It helps seal the hair cuticles, locking in moisture and preventing dryness. Regular use of Amla can improve hair texture, making it more manageable and less prone to frizz.
  7. Adds Shine and Luster: Amla is known to enhance the natural shine and luster of the hair. It helps restore the hair’s natural sheen, making it appear glossy and vibrant. With regular use, Amla can contribute to healthier, shinier locks.
  8. Protects Against Environmental Damage: Amla contains antioxidants that provide a shield against environmental damage. It helps protect the hair from harmful UV rays, pollution, and other external stressors that can lead to hair damage. Amla’s protective properties assist in maintaining hair health and vitality.
  9. Balances Scalp pH: Amla helps maintain the optimal pH balance of the scalp, which is crucial for a healthy scalp environment. It regulates excess oil production, preventing scalp issues such as excessive greasiness or dryness. A balanced scalp pH supports healthy hair growth.

What Are the Benefits of Bhringraj (False Daisy) for Hair?

  1. Promotes Hair Growth: Bhringraj is renowned for its ability to stimulate hair growth. It helps improve blood circulation to the scalp, ensuring an adequate supply of nutrients and oxygen to the hair follicles. This promotes the growth of new hair strands and reduces hair loss.
  2. Prevents Hair Fall: Bhringraj strengthens the hair follicles, thereby reducing hair fall. It helps in anchoring the hair roots firmly, preventing premature hair breakage and shedding.
  3. Rejuvenates the Scalp: Bhringraj has a cooling effect on the scalp, which helps soothe irritation and inflammation. It nourishes and rejuvenates the scalp, creating a conducive environment for healthy hair growth.
  4. Delays Premature Graying: Regular use of Bhringraj can help delay the onset of premature graying of hair. It helps maintain the natural color of the hair by nourishing the hair follicles and preventing the loss of pigmentation.
  5. Conditions and Softens the Hair: Bhringraj possesses natural conditioning properties that make the hair softer and more manageable. It helps improve the texture of the hair strands, making them smoother and less prone to tangles.
  6. Combats Dandruff: Bhringraj has antifungal and antimicrobial properties that can help combat dandruff and other scalp conditions. It soothes the scalp, reduces itchiness, and helps eliminate flakes, promoting a healthier scalp environment.
  7. Strengthens Hair Shafts: Regular use of Bhringraj can strengthen the hair shafts, making them less prone to damage and breakage. This results in thicker, stronger, and more resilient hair strands.
  8. Adds Shine and Luster: Bhringraj helps restore the natural shine and luster of the hair. It nourishes the hair cuticles, providing a glossy appearance to the hair strands.
  9. Reduces Split Ends: Bhringraj has repairing properties that can help minimize split ends. It strengthens the hair shafts, preventing them from splitting and fraying.
  10. Calms the Mind and Reduces Stress: Bhringraj is known for its calming properties and its ability to reduce stress. Stress is often a contributing factor to hair loss and other hair problems. By promoting relaxation and reducing stress levels, Bhringraj indirectly supports healthier hair.

How Does Brahmi (Gotu Kola) Contribute to Hair Growth?

  1. Improved Blood Circulation: Brahmi promotes better blood circulation to the scalp, which is essential for hair growth. Improved blood flow ensures that the hair follicles receive an adequate supply of oxygen and nutrients, promoting healthy hair growth.
  2. Stimulates Hair Follicles: Brahmi contains compounds that stimulate and activate the hair follicles. This helps in initiating the anagen (growth) phase of the hair cycle, leading to increased hair growth and reduced hair fall.
  3. Strengthens Hair Roots: Brahmi strengthens the hair roots, making them less prone to breakage. Stronger roots provide a solid foundation for hair growth and contribute to overall hair health.
  4. Reduces Hair Loss: Brahmi has properties that help reduce hair loss and prevent premature hair fall. It strengthens the hair follicles, reduces damage to the hair shafts, and promotes a healthier scalp environment.
  5. Nourishes the Scalp: The nutrients present in Brahmi nourish the scalp, promoting optimal hair growth. It helps in improving the health of the scalp by providing essential vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants.
  6. Anti-inflammatory Effects: Brahmi possesses anti-inflammatory properties that help soothe and calm the scalp. It reduces scalp inflammation and irritation, which can hinder hair growth and lead to hair loss.
  7. Supports Hair Regeneration: Brahmi is known to support hair regeneration by promoting the production of collagen. Collagen is a structural protein that helps in the growth and repair of hair tissues.
  8. Thickens Hair Strands: Regular use of Brahmi can help in thickening the hair strands, making the hair appear fuller and voluminous. It strengthens the hair shafts, reducing hair breakage and thinning.
  9. Conditions the Hair: Brahmi has natural conditioning properties that help in improving the texture and overall condition of the hair. It adds moisture, softness, and shine to the hair strands, making them more manageable.
  10. Calms the Mind: Brahmi has calming and stress-reducing properties that indirectly support hair growth. Stress is a common factor contributing to hair loss, and Brahmi’s ability to promote relaxation and reduce anxiety can help in maintaining healthy hair.

What Are the Uses of Neem (Indian Lilac) for Hair Care?

  1. Controls Dandruff: Neem has antifungal and antibacterial properties that effectively combat dandruff-causing fungi and bacteria. Using neem-based products or neem-infused oils can help reduce dandruff, alleviate itchiness, and prevent flaking of the scalp.
  2. Soothes Scalp Irritation: Neem possesses soothing properties that can provide relief from scalp irritation and inflammation. It can help calm an itchy scalp caused by conditions like psoriasis, eczema, or allergies, promoting a healthier scalp environment.
  3. Prevents Hair Loss: Regular use of neem can help prevent hair loss by strengthening the hair follicles and reducing hair breakage. Neem contains antioxidants that help protect the hair from damage caused by free radicals, environmental pollutants, and styling products.
  4. Promotes Hair Growth: Neem stimulates hair growth by improving blood circulation to the scalp. This increased blood flow nourishes the hair follicles, promoting healthy hair growth and restoring thickness to thinning hair.
  5. Conditions and Softens Hair: Neem has natural conditioning properties that can make the hair softer and more manageable. It helps moisturize and hydrate the hair strands, reducing frizz and enhancing the overall texture of the hair.
  6. Controls Scalp Infections: Neem’s antimicrobial properties make it effective in controlling scalp infections, such as scalp acne or folliculitis. It helps cleanse the scalp, remove impurities, and prevent the recurrence of such infections.

How Can Methi (Fenugreek) Be Used to Prevent Hair Fall?

Methi, also known as fenugreek, is a natural ingredient that can be used to prevent hair fall and promote healthy hair growth. Here’s how Methi can be used for this purpose:

  1. Strengthening Hair Follicles: Methi contains proteins and nicotinic acid that strengthen the hair follicles, making them less prone to breakage. This helps in reducing hair fall and promoting the growth of stronger, healthier hair.
  2. Nourishing the Scalp: Methi is rich in nutrients, including iron, protein, and vitamins, which nourish the scalp and provide essential elements for hair growth. It helps improve the overall health of the scalp, reducing hair fall caused by scalp issues or nutrient deficiencies.
  3. Stimulating Hair Growth: Methi seeds are known to stimulate hair growth by promoting blood circulation to the scalp. Improved blood flow ensures that the hair follicles receive an adequate supply of nutrients, oxygen, and hormones necessary for hair growth.
  4. Moisturizing and Conditioning: Methi seeds are naturally mucilaginous, which means they have a gel-like texture when soaked in water. This gel can be used as a natural hair conditioner, moisturizing the hair strands and making them softer and more manageable. Well-moisturized hair is less prone to breakage and hair fall.
  5. Reducing Scalp Inflammation: Methi possesses anti-inflammatory properties that help soothe the scalp and reduce inflammation. Scalp inflammation can lead to hair fall, and using Methi can help calm the scalp, promoting a healthier environment for hair growth.
  6. Balancing Scalp Oil Production: Excessive scalp oiliness or dryness can contribute to hair fall. Methi helps in regulating the production of sebum, the natural oil of the scalp, thereby maintaining a balanced scalp environment. This prevents clogged hair follicles and reduces hair fall.

What Are the Benefits of Hibiscus for Hair Nourishment?

  1. Promotes Hair Growth: Hibiscus stimulates hair growth by increasing blood circulation to the scalp. This helps deliver essential nutrients to the hair follicles, promoting healthy hair growth and reducing hair loss.
  2. Strengthens Hair: Hibiscus contains natural properties that strengthen the hair strands, making them less prone to breakage. Regular use of Hibiscus can result in stronger, more resilient hair.
  3. Conditions and Softens Hair: Hibiscus acts as a natural hair conditioner, making the hair soft, smooth, and manageable. It helps in detangling the hair, reducing frizz, and adding a natural shine to the strands.
  4. Prevents Dryness and Frizz: Hibiscus is known for its moisturizing properties, which help combat dryness and frizz in the hair. It locks in moisture, keeping the hair hydrated and reducing the occurrence of split ends and flyaways.
  5. Nourishes the Scalp: Hibiscus nourishes the scalp with its high vitamin C and amino acid content. It helps in maintaining a healthy scalp environment, preventing issues like dandruff and scalp itchiness.
  6. Adds Natural Shine: Regular use of Hibiscus can enhance the natural shine of your hair. It smoothens the hair cuticles, allowing light to reflect off the strands, resulting in a glossy, lustrous appearance.

How Does Jatamansi (Spikenard) Help in Reducing Stress-related Hair Issues?

  1. Stress Reduction: Jatamansi has natural relaxant properties that help in reducing stress and anxiety. Chronic stress can contribute to hair problems such as hair loss, thinning, and weakened hair follicles. By promoting relaxation, Jatamansi indirectly supports healthier hair growth.
  2. Hair Follicle Nourishment: Stress can disrupt the normal functioning of hair follicles, leading to hair thinning and slow growth. Jatamansi has nourishing properties that help improve blood circulation to the scalp, ensuring the hair follicles receive an adequate supply of nutrients. This promotes the health and vitality of the hair follicles, encouraging better hair growth.
  3. Antioxidant Protection: Stress can lead to the accumulation of free radicals in the body, which can damage the hair follicles and result in hair problems. Jatamansi contains antioxidants that help neutralize these harmful free radicals, protecting the hair follicles from damage and promoting healthier hair.
  4. Anti-Inflammatory Effects: Jatamansi possesses anti-inflammatory properties that can help soothe scalp inflammation caused by stress. Inflammation can disrupt the hair growth cycle and contribute to hair loss. By reducing scalp inflammation, Jatamansi supports a healthier scalp environment for optimal hair growth.
  5. Calming Scalp Irritation: Stress can cause scalp irritation and itchiness, leading to scratching and potential damage to the scalp and hair follicles. Jatamansi has soothing properties that can calm scalp irritation, reducing the urge to scratch and preventing further damage.
  6. Balancing Sebum Production: Stress can disrupt the balance of sebum production in the scalp, leading to either excessive oiliness or dryness. Jatamansi helps regulate sebum production, promoting a balanced scalp environment. This contributes to healthier hair growth and reduces scalp-related issues.
  7. Improved Sleep Quality: Jatamansi is known for its sleep-inducing properties and can help improve sleep quality. Adequate sleep is essential for overall well-being, including healthy hair growth. By promoting better sleep, Jatamansi indirectly supports the maintenance of healthy hair.

What Are the Benefits of Reetha (Soapnut) for Cleansing and Dandruff Control?

  1. Gentle Scalp Cleanser: Reetha contains saponins, natural surfactants that create a lathering effect when mixed with water. It acts as a gentle cleanser, effectively removing dirt, oil, and product buildup from the scalp and hair without stripping away the natural oils.
  2. Natural Dandruff Control: Reetha has anti-fungal and anti-microbial properties that help combat the fungi responsible for dandruff. Regular use of Reetha can help reduce dandruff flakes, itchiness, and scalp irritation.
  3. Scalp Nourishment: Reetha contains nutrients such as vitamins A, D, E, and K, as well as minerals like iron, which provide nourishment to the scalp. This promotes a healthier scalp environment, leading to improved hair growth and reduced hair fall.
  4. Adds Shine to Hair: Reetha can enhance the natural shine of the hair. It helps remove dulling residue from the scalp and hair, leaving the strands looking lustrous and glossy.
  5. Strengthens Hair: Reetha strengthens the hair follicles, reducing hair breakage and making the hair more resilient. This can result in thicker, stronger hair strands over time.
  6. Conditions the Hair: Reetha has natural conditioning properties that can soften and smoothen the hair. It helps in detangling the hair, making it more manageable and reducing frizz.
  7. Scalp Health Maintenance: Reetha helps maintain a balanced scalp pH, which is crucial for a healthy scalp. It helps regulate sebum production, preventing excessive oiliness or dryness, and creating an optimal environment for hair growth.
  8. Environmentally Friendly: Reetha is a natural, biodegradable alternative to synthetic shampoos. It is environmentally friendly and does not contribute to water pollution like some chemical-based cleansers.

How Can Shikakai Be Used for Natural Hair Cleansing and Conditioning?

  1. Gentle Hair Cleansing: Shikakai is a natural alternative to harsh chemical shampoos. It contains saponins, which create a mild lather when mixed with water, effectively cleansing the scalp and hair without stripping away the natural oils. It removes dirt, oil, and product buildup, leaving the hair clean and refreshed.
  2. Scalp Health Promotion: Shikakai has antimicrobial properties that help maintain a healthy scalp. It helps soothe scalp irritation, reduces dandruff, and prevents the growth of microorganisms that can cause scalp issues. A healthy scalp provides a conducive environment for hair growth.
  3. Conditioning Properties: Shikakai acts as a natural hair conditioner, making the hair soft, smooth, and manageable. It helps detangle the hair, reducing frizz and making it easier to style. Regular use of Shikakai can improve the overall texture and appearance of the hair.
  4. Adds Shine to Hair: Shikakai has a natural shine-enhancing effect on the hair. It helps restore the hair’s natural luster, making it look healthy and radiant. With consistent use, Shikakai can bring out the natural shine of your hair.
  5. Strengthens Hair Roots: Shikakai contains vitamins and minerals that nourish the hair follicles, strengthening them from the roots. This can help reduce hair fall and promote healthier hair growth. Stronger hair roots also contribute to overall hair thickness and volume.
  6. Maintains Scalp pH Balance: Shikakai helps balance the pH level of the scalp, keeping it in the ideal range for optimal hair health. It helps regulate sebum production, preventing excessive oiliness or dryness, and maintaining a balanced scalp environment.

What Additional Ayurvedic Tips Can Help Maintain Healthy Hair?

  1. Follow a Balanced Diet: Ayurveda emphasizes the connection between diet and hair health. Ensure your diet includes a variety of nutrient-rich foods such as fresh fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, and healthy fats. Include foods that are specifically beneficial for hair, such as Indian gooseberry (Amla), nuts, seeds, and leafy greens.
  2. Scalp Massage: Regular scalp massage stimulates blood circulation to the scalp, promoting the delivery of essential nutrients to the hair follicles. Use warm oil like coconut, sesame, or almond oil and massage it into your scalp in circular motions. Leave it on for a while to allow deep penetration before washing it off. This nourishes the scalp, strengthens the hair roots, and improves overall hair health.
  3. Avoid Excessive Heat and Chemicals: Excessive heat from styling tools, such as hair dryers, straighteners, and curling irons, can damage the hair and lead to dryness and breakage. Minimize the use of heat styling tools and opt for natural hairstyles whenever possible. Also, reduce the use of chemical-laden hair products like hair dyes, bleaches, and harsh styling products, as they can weaken the hair and cause damage in the long run.
  4. Protect Hair from Environmental Damage: Protect your hair from harsh environmental factors such as UV radiation, pollution, and extreme weather conditions. Wear a hat or use a scarf to shield your hair when exposed to the sun. Rinse your hair after swimming in chlorinated or saltwater to minimize the damage caused by chemicals and salt.
  5. Practice Stress Management: Chronic stress can contribute to hair problems. Engage in stress-reducing activities like yoga, meditation, deep breathing exercises, or any other relaxation techniques. Adequate sleep is also crucial for hair health, so prioritize getting enough restful sleep each night.
  6. Avoid Excessive Hair Manipulation: Minimize excessive brushing, combing, or pulling on the hair, especially when it is wet, as this can lead to breakage. Use a wide-toothed comb or a brush with soft bristles to gently detangle the hair. Avoid tight hairstyles that can pull on the hair, causing tension and breakage.
  7. Keep the Scalp Clean: Maintaining a clean scalp is essential for healthy hair. Regularly shampoo your hair to remove dirt, oil, and buildup. Choose a gentle, sulfate-free shampoo that suits your hair type and scalp condition. Avoid over-washing, as it can strip away the natural oils, leading to dryness. Find the right balance for your hair and scalp needs.

What Precautions Should Be Taken When Using Ayurvedic Plants for Hair Care?

  1. Allergic Reactions: Individuals may have allergies or sensitivities to certain plants or their compounds. Before using any Ayurvedic plant on your hair or scalp, perform a patch test by applying a small amount of the plant material or product on your forearm or behind the ear. If you experience any adverse reactions like itching, redness, or swelling, discontinue use immediately and consult a healthcare professional.
  2. Quality and Authenticity: Ensure that you source Ayurvedic plants from reputable sources that offer high-quality, authentic products. This is especially important when using powdered forms or purchasing pre-made Ayurvedic products. Poor-quality or adulterated products may not provide the desired benefits and can even be harmful. Look for certifications or labels that guarantee the authenticity and purity of the Ayurvedic plants.
  3. Proper Dilution and Application: Ayurvedic plants are potent and should be properly diluted and applied as per the recommended guidelines. Follow the instructions provided with the product or seek guidance from an Ayurvedic practitioner to determine the appropriate dilution ratios, application methods, and duration of use.
  4. Individual Sensitivities and Medical Conditions: Take into account any individual sensitivities or pre-existing medical conditions before using Ayurvedic plants. If you have a known allergy or medical condition, consult a healthcare professional or an Ayurvedic practitioner to ensure the safety and suitability of specific plants for your hair care.
  5. Pregnancy and Breastfeeding: Some Ayurvedic plants may not be recommended during pregnancy or breastfeeding. Certain plants may have hormonal effects or contraindications, so it’s crucial to consult a healthcare professional or Ayurvedic practitioner to determine which plants are safe to use during these periods.
  6. Interaction with Medications: If you are currently taking any medications, it’s important to be aware of potential interactions between Ayurvedic plants and your medications. Some plants may interfere with the effectiveness or absorption of certain medications. Always consult your healthcare professional before using Ayurvedic plants if you are on any prescribed medications.
  7. Moderation and Consistency: While Ayurvedic plants can be beneficial, it’s important to use them in moderation and with consistency. Excessive use or prolonged use without a break may lead to adverse effects or imbalance. Follow the recommended usage guidelines and allow your hair and scalp to rest periodically.


This article delves into the principles of Ayurveda and its role in hair care. Ayurveda, an ancient holistic system of medicine, places great emphasis on achieving balance and harmony within the body, mind, and spirit. When it comes to hair care in Ayurveda, factors like an individual’s constitution (dosha), lifestyle, diet, and mental well-being are taken into account. The primary objective of Ayurvedic practices for hair care is to restore equilibrium to the doshas, while also nourishing the scalp, fortifying hair follicles, and fostering healthy hair growth. Several Ayurvedic plants, including Amla, Bhringraj, Brahmi, Neem, Methi, Hibiscus, Jatamansi, Reetha, Shikakai, and Aloe Vera, are renowned for their hair health benefits. The article elaborates on the specific advantages these plants offer, such as strengthening hair follicles, stimulating hair growth, preventing premature graying, nourishing the scalp, combating dandruff, conditioning the hair, enhancing shine, and safeguarding against environmental damage. Furthermore, it explains how these plants contribute to overall well-being and effectively address various hair concerns.

Anusha Aggarwal

My name is Anusha Aggarwal. With a deep fascination for the science behind health, hair care, skin care, and body care, I'm a dedicated writer committed to helping readers achieve optimal wellness. Through years of research and personal experience, I provide expert insights into the latest trends and techniques in the beauty and wellness.